9. Marie Curie
At the time, Marie Curie was the world’s most famous scientist, a household word, a saintly icon, and an easy target. The first woman professor in France, she had discovered radium, the world’s first hope for cancer patients. She was the physicist and chemist who turned the attention of the scientific world to radioactivity and proved that the atom was non-inert, indivisible, or solid. For 61 years, she was the only person who has won two Nobel Prizes for science.